Pollock

Alaskan Fishery is well managed. Used to make McDonalds fillet of fish and also the key ingredient for imitation crab meat. Looks like a small cod and tastes similar.

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North Atlantic marine fish in the genus Pollachius

Pollock
Pollachius pollachius aquarium.jpg
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Gadiformes
Family: Gadidae
Genus: Pollachius
Nilsson, 1832
Type species
Gadus pollachius
Linnaeus 1758
Synonyms

Asellus Minding, 1832

Pollock (pronounced /ˈpɒlək/) is the common name used for either of the two species of North Atlantic marine fish in the genus Pollachius. Pollachius pollachius is referred to as pollock in both North America and the United Kingdom, while Pollachius virens today is usually known as coley in the British Isles (derived from the older name coalfish). Other names for P. pollachius include the Atlantic pollock, European pollock, lieu jaune, and lythe; while P. virens is also known as Boston blue (distinct from bluefish), silver bill, or saithe.

Species

The currently recognized species in this genus are:[1]

Description

Both species can grow to 105 centimetres (3.44 ft) and can weigh up to 21 kilograms (46 lb). P. virens has a strongly defined, silvery lateral line running down the sides. Above the lateral line, the color is a greenish black. The belly is white, while P. pollachius has a distinctly crooked lateral line, grayish to golden belly, and a dark brown back. P. pollachius also has a strong underbite. It can be found in water up to 180 metres (100 fathoms; 600 ft) deep over rocks, and anywhere in the water column. Pollock are a "whitefish".

Other fish called pollock

One member of the genus Gadus is also commonly referred to as Pollock, the Alaska pollock or walleye pollock (Gadus chalcogrammus) including the form known as the Norwegian pollock. While related (they are also members of the family Gadidae) to the above pollock species, they are not members of the genus Pollachius. Alaska pollock generally spawn in late winter and early spring in the southeastern Bering Sea. The Alaska pollock is a significant part of the commercial fishery in the Gulf of Alaska.[2]

Fisheries

Global commercial capture of pollock in million tonnes 1950–2010[3]
The total capture of pollock in 2010 reported by the FAO was 3.2 million tonnes [3]

As food

Atlantic pollock is largely considered to be a whitefish, although it is a fairly strongly flavored one.[citation needed] Traditionally a popular source of food in some countries, such as Norway, in the United Kingdom it has previously been largely consumed as a cheaper and versatile alternative to cod and haddock. However, in recent years, pollock has become more popular due to overfishing of cod and haddock. It can now be found in most supermarkets as fresh fillets or prepared freezer items. For example, it is used minced in fish fingers or as an ingredient in imitation crab meat, and is commonly used to make fish and chips.

Because of its slightly gray color, pollock is often prepared, as in Norway, as fried fish balls, or if juvenile sized, breaded with oatmeal and fried, as in Shetland. Year-old fish are traditionally split, salted, and dried over a peat hearth in Orkney, where their texture becomes wooden.[clarification needed] The fish can also be salted and smoked and achieve a salmon-like orange color (although it is not closely related to the salmon), as is the case in Germany, where the fish is commonly sold as Seelachs or sea salmon. In Korea, pollock may be repeatedly frozen and defrosted to create hwangtae, half-dried to create ko-da-ri, or fully dried and eaten as book-o. As of 2019 March, it is banned of commercial catching and consumption of the native pollock because the over fishing and dwindling stock in the local sea around Korean Peninsula. Nevertheless, climate change could have driven the fish away from the region, not the overfishing.

In 2009, UK supermarket Sainsbury's briefly renamed pollock 'colin' in a bid to boost ecofriendly sales of the fish as an alternative to cod.[4] Sainsbury's, which said the new name was derived from the French for cooked pollock (colin), launched the product under the banner "Colin and chips can save British cod."

Pollock is regarded as a "low-mercury fish", and a woman weighing 60 kg (132 lb) can safely eat up to 18 ounces per week, and a child weighing 20 kg (44 lb) can safely eat up to 6 ounces.[5]

References

  1. ^ Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2012). Species of Pollachius in FishBase. April 2012 version.
  2. ^ C.Michael Hogan. 2011. Gulf of Alaska. Topic ed. P. Saundry. Ed.-in-chief C.J.Cleveland. Encyclopedia of Earth. National council for Science and the Environment.
  3. ^ a b Based on data sourced from the relevant FAO Species Fact Sheets
  4. ^ A colin and chips? Sainsbury's gives unfashionable pollack a makeover | Business | The Guardian
  5. ^ "Which Fish Are Safe for Pregnant Women?". Consumer Reports. Retrieved 2019-03-01..mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output .citation q{quotes:"\"""\"""'""'"}.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-free a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-registration a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/4c/Wikisource-logo.svg/12px-Wikisource-logo.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{display:none;color:#33aa33;margin-left:0.3em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em} Last updated: January 27, 2017

Further reading

External links

source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pollock